7 Elements of Interior Design: The Step-by-step Guide to The Perfect Interior Design

Elements of Interior Design

From mid-century to modern, classic to minimalistic, we’ve all acquired a taste of the evolution of design in general. Looking closely, you’d instantly notice the considerable influence of minimalistic and functional thinking has created so much change in our lifestyle and in the places that we feel are habitable. 

Home or case la cheie is where we feel most relaxed as humans. And a perfectly designed home interior is what makes you feel genuinely comfortable. Moreover, a good design can bring you closer to your roots – our roots – the nature. So regarding the need to beautify your home interior to your most sophisticated capabilities is natural. But while you do that, there is a chance to make subtle yet grave errors that you may regret later on.

Since we often forget the underlying principles that work behind creating a good design, in this article, we will talk about the 7 elements of interior design in general. Of course, every design blog you follow will cover a compilation of these 7 topics either directly or indirectly so, let’s get on with our subject.

Key Elements of a Great Interior Design


Every interior design starts with one concept – space. Space is what makes you feel liberated, relieved, and natural. Utilizing space is a challenging task – one that’s difficult to master because there are different perspectives and angles that you need to consider. Here are some of the concepts:

2-Dimensional Space

2D space accounts for two dimensions – length and breadth of the room. Imagining a room in 2D space is essential as it gives you the feel of how it looks from a bird-eye view. This is especially important when adding elements like – carpets, rugs, curtains, etc.

3-Dimensional Space

3D space accounts for 3 dimensions – length, breadth, and height. Essentially, imagining a room in 3D allows you to accommodate the different objects you’re going to put in the room. Such as – furniture, shelves, couch, side table, dining table, chandelier, etc. Besides, adding visual height to the elements in a room is a big challenge for creating unique interior designs.

Negative Space

Negative space refers to the left-out distance between the objects in a room that creates a feeling of a lofted and open environment. For example – the gaps between objects, circulating space for movement, extra open space like New York loft-style building. 

Positive Space

Positive space refers to all the objects or the décor placed in the room like a dining table, a couch, a kitchen island, armchairs, etc. Using too much positive space can make a room feel cluttered.

  1. Line

Lines can influence the structural feature and the furnishings of a room in two ways –

  1. By bringing attention to a specific focal point
  2. Make the room feel more spacious

Lines can be of many types – horizontal, vertical, zigzags, and curves. Usually, horizontal around table lines create a sense of stability and security. Vertical lines are expressive and bold that can be found in tall windows, doors, and tall fireplace; dynamic lines add fun and creativity.

  1. Form

The form is another way to express the shape or the contours representing the details of an artwork or an object. In terms of interior design, form is the shape of the room and all the things like the furniture, artwork, decorations, etc.

  1. Light

Adequate access to light can make the room feel more spacious, which is addressed in all modern interior designs. Besides, lighting sets the room’s mood – natural light makes you feel warm and happy, while artificial light makes a room feel cold and still.

  1. Color

Color sends a strong message to our brain about has an undeniable influence on our brain and mood. So, it’s more than just an aesthetic choice. The key is to utilize colors to focus on giving more life and creating vibrance in space during the daylight and at night.

  1. Texture

Texture counts as to how you feel when you touch an object or a décor in a room. For example – a surface may look weathered or vintage without having to handle it. So, careful consideration of texture is a big impression maker, such as – the tiles on the floor, the material on the door, etc.

  1. Pattern

A pattern is a repeated design of the same design elements usually put on walls in wallpapers or fabrics. The role of the pattern is to spark some interest in the room and make it visually appealing with the other objects. Since patterned wallpapers are used as a background for most things, it is essential to complement the prime and non-prime colors to focus.

In Conclusion

Space, line, form, light, color, texture, and pattern – these 7 things form the basis of all wonderfully crafted interior designs. But, if you’re a design enthusiast and honing for more pointers to achieve something more creative or unorthodox, give us a call. Our team of abstract designers is experienced enough to understand your design need, concept, purpose, and most importantly, create a conceptual design that can cater to those needs.

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