Content for Ethics Paper Discussion Video – I (Theory Part)

Title for YouTube (Video -I) –UPSC Mains 2021 Ethics Paper Discussion & Analysis | Attempt GS 4 Ethics Integrity and AptitudeTheory Part with Tirthankar Sir

Title for YouTube (Video -II) –UPSC Mains 2021- Ethics Paper Discussion & Analysis | Attempt GS 4 Case Studies with Tirthankar Sir

Description for both the video will be common

Description –

Question Paper – Ethics (Mains 2021) &about the video.

UPSC Mains 2021, General Studies Paper discussion series by EDEN IAS presents the question paper discussion for GS Paper 4 (Ethics Integrity and Aptitude) under the guidance of India’s best teacher for ethics Mr. Tirthankar Roychowdhary. Tirthankar Sir is known for his unique style of teaching, in depth and 100% coverage of ethics syllabus and his value addition to the ethics preparation through his Ethics Foundation course and his books and study material for ethics (Theoretical framework on ethics, 70 Thinker and Thoughts (A special edition to cover unit V of the ethics syllabus) his book on ethics terminologies and his notes for the same.

There are two parts of the GS IV Ethics paper discussion for the Mains 2021 Question paper. The First video is dedicated to the theory portion of the GS 4 of the UPSC/IAS Mains Paper 2021 and the second video is dedicated to the ethics case studies sections asked in the Mains 2021.

Tirthankar Roychowdhary Sir is going to discuss each and every question from the Mains exam 2021. This session is going to be live on 6th February 2022 (Sunday) by 05:00 PM where aspirants can ask their doubts related to the question paper and related to the ethics subject preparation.

This session can be a golden chance to those aspirants who want to attempt the question paper of ethics asked in UPSC Mains 2021. This video can help the aspirants to do an analysis or to do a quality check on their preparation. You can attempt the question paper of ethics during the live session by marking your points related to the question asked in CSM 2021 and can check your prompt preparation for the subject.

Ethics is a game changing subject to crack the UPSC Civil Services Examination with a good rank. There should always be a room for improvement and the same goes to your ethics preparation. A good hold on ethics also helps you to write good essays.

Question Paper UPSC Mains 2021 GS 4 Ethics Integrity & Aptitude

Q1. (a) Identify five ethical traits on which one can plot the performance of a civil servant. Justify their inclusion in the matrix. (Answer in 150 words)

(b)  Identify ten essential values that are needed to be an effective public servant. Describe the /ways and means to prevent non-ethical behaviour in the public servants. (Answer in 150 words)

Q2. (a)   Impact of digital technology as reliable source of input for rational decision making is debatable issue. Critically evaluate with suitable example. (Answer in 150 words)

(b)  Besides domain knowledge, a public official needs innovativeness and creativity of a high order as well, while resolving ethical dilemmas. Discuss with suitable example. (Answer in 150words)

Q3. What does each of the following quotations mean to you?

(a) “Every work has got to pass through hundreds of difficulties before succeeding. Those that persevere will see the light, sooner or later. -Swami Vivekananda (Answer in 150 words)

(b) “We can never obtain peace in the outer world until and unless we obtain peace within ourselves.” – Dalai Lama (Answer in 150 words)

(c) Life doesn’t make any sense without interdependence. We need each other, and the sooner we learn that, it is better for us all.” -Erik Erikson word (Answer in 150 word)

Q4. (a) Attitude is an important component that goes as input in the elopement of human. How to build a suitable needed for a public servant?  (Answer in 150 words)

(b) In case of crisis of conscience does emotional intelligence help to overcome the same without compromising the ethical or moral stand that you are likely to follow? Critically examine. (Answer in 150 words)

Q5. (a) “Refugees should not be turned back to the country where they would face persecution or human right violation.” Examine the statement with reference to ethical dimension being violated by the nation claiming to be democratic with open society. (Answer in150 words)

(b) Should impartial and being non-partisan be considered as indispensable qualities to make a successful civil servant? Discuss with illustrations.  (Answer in 150 words)

Q6. (a) An independent and empowered social audit mechanism is an absolute must in every sphere of public service, including judiciary, to ensure performance, accountability and ethical conduct. Elaborate. (Answer in 150 words)

(b) “Integrity is a value that empowers the human being.” Justify with suitable illustration.  (Answer in 150 words)

Q7. Sunil is a young civil servant and has a reputation for his competence, integrity, dedication and relentless pursuit of difficult and onerous jobs. Considering his profile, he was picked up by his bosses to handle a very challenging and sensitive assignment. He was posted in a tribal dominated district notorious for illegal sand mining. Excavating sand from river belt and transporting through trucks and selling them in black market was rampant. This illegal sand mining mafia was operating with the support of local functionaries and tribal musclemen who in turn were bribing selected poor tribals and had kept the tribals under fear and intimidation.

Sunil being a sharp and energetic officer immediately grasped the ground realities and the modus operandi followed by the mafia through their devious and dubious mechanism. On making inquiries, he gathered that some of their own office employees are in hand and glove with them and have developed close unholy nexus. Sunil initiated stringent action against them and started conducting raids on their illegal operations of movement of trucks filled with sand. The mafia got rattled as not many officers in the past had taken such steps against the mafia. Some of the office employees who were allegedly close to mafia informed them that the officer is determined to clean up the mafia’s illegal sand mining operations in that the district and may cause them irreparable damage.

The mafia turned hostile and launched counter-offensive. The tribal musclemen and mafia sorted threatening him with dire consequences. His family (wife and old mother) were stalked and were under virtual surveillance and thus causing mental torture, agony and stress to all of them. The matter assumed serious proportions when a muscleman came to his office and threatened him to stop raids, etc., otherwise, his fate will not be different than some of his predecessors (ten years back one officer was killed by the mafia).

  • Identify the different options available to Sunil in attending to this situation.
  • Critically evaluate each of the options listed by you.
  • Which of the above, do you think, would be the most appropriate for Sunil to adopt and why? (Answer in 250 words)

Q8. You are Vice Principal of a degree college in one of the middles – class towns. Principal has recently retired and management is looking for his replacement. There are also feelers that the management may promote you as Principal. In the meantime, during annual examination the flying squad came from the university caught two students red-hande3d involving in unfair means. A senior lecturer of the college was personally helping these students in this act. This senior lecturer also happens to be close to the management. One of the students was son of a local politician who was responsible in getting college affiliated to the present reputed university. The second student was son of a local businessman who has donated maximum funds for running of the college. You immediately informed the management regarding this unfortunate incident. The management told you to resolve the issue with flying squad at any cost. They further said that such incident will not only tarnish the image of the college but also the politician and businessman are very important personalities for the functioning of the college. You were also given hint that your further promotion to Principal depends on your capability in resolving this issue with flying squad. In the meantime, you were intimated by your administrative officer that certain members of the student union are protesting outside the college gate against the senior lecturer and the students involved in this incident and demanding strict action against defaulters.

  • Discuss the ethical issues involved in the case.
  • Critically examine the options available with you as Vice Principal. What option will you adopt and why? (Answer in 250 words)

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